What is the impact of serious and organised crime on development?

Updated: May 5

For the UK's FCDO, ITERU and RUSI conducted a rapid evidence assessment to assess existing evidence to answer the question “what is the nature of the impact of serious and organised crime (SOC) on development?”.

In countries defined as fragile, post-conflict or less developed, underdevelopment has been recognised as a factor in creating insecurity and fostering an environment where organised crime can flourish. Organised crime is known to disrupt the development process and pervert the benefits of development.

Explicitly referenced in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), addressing organised crime has now been firmly placed within the mandate of development actors, to bring forward a more comprehensive approach to addressing organised crime. Without properly understanding the different negative impacts, any stabilising influences, and the unintended consequences development can have on serious and organised crime and vice versa, there is a risk that development efforts will themselves undermine development objectives and bolster organised crime.

Read the rapid evidence assessment here, and a summary of the findings here.